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US raises alarm on security risks exposed by Pakistan floods

A recent report from the US State Department highlights the 2022 floods in Pakistan as a stark illustration of how global climate change can destabilize strategically vital regions.

Released this March in Washington, the report titled “New Security Challenges” addresses ongoing conflicts like the one in Gaza, emphasizing that the absence of war shouldn’t be confused with peace.

Drawn by the State Department’s International Security Advisory Board, the report underscores climate change and resource scarcity as paramount concerns facing the international community. Additionally, it identifies the spread of diseases and the exploitation of identity-based biases as significant challenges.

The report cautions that climate-related events, from Pakistan’s floods to widespread droughts in Africa and Latin America, compound global instability. It also points out that factors like state fragility and weak governance exacerbate these challenges.

Nuclear concerns

Addressing nuclear concerns, the report mentions China’s plans to build a new nuclear plant in Pakistan and highlights Pakistan’s status as a non-party to the NPT with nuclear capabilities.

Regarding the Gaza conflict, it warns against equating the absence of active conflict with genuine peace and human security.

The report emphasizes that traditional military threats persist alongside emerging challenges like climate change. It also mentions ongoing efforts to prevent nuclear proliferation in the Middle East, including cooperation with Saudi Arabia on nuclear energy.

Finally, the report reiterates the urgency of addressing climate change, noting continued global temperature rises despite mitigation efforts.

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